Home Be healthy! Experts say Technologist's advice Corn grits

каша кукурузнаяNo one knows for sure where he got that name corn. In Romanian, "corn" means "fir-cone." In Turkish "kokoroz" - a "corn stalk." So, the word "corn" has come to us, or from Romania, or the Turks. But in many countries, corn is called "corn." This name was given corn Indians from the island of Haiti.

 

Maize was first cultivated in South and Central America. Back in the pre-Columbian Indians have relatively good results in its cultivation, there were all the main types of corn: siliceous, Zubovidnaya, starchy, sweet and burst. кашаIndians used to eat not only corn, cereal and panicles and stems. Of pollen they cooked soup, used as a filling for pies. In Europe, corn began to cultivate only in the XIX century, in Russia even later. Currently, corn is grown in 60 countries. Corn sow large areas in the United States, Argentina, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, China, and other countries. In Russia, more corn grown in the south.

Nutritional value per 100 g corn grits:

Proteins - 8.3 g
Fat - 1.2 g
Carbohydrates - 71 g
Dietary fiber - 4.8 grams
Water - 14 gr
Mono-and di-saccharides - 1.2 oz
Starch - 69.6 gr
Ash - 0.7 g
Saturated fatty acids - 0.2 oz

Calories   -  328 kcal

Corn grits is a source of vegetable protein, carbohydrates and energy while low in fat. Also of maize grain produced corn sticks. Their quality depends on the quality of grain and flour. In maize grain contains a large amount of starch (more only in rice), sugar, fiber and vitamin E. The best is croup amber color, uniform size grains, free from foreign (sour, musty and moldy) smell.

The absence of maize grain (as opposed to cereals) gliadin protein fraction can use it for cooking biospecific food for sick people suffering from intestinal enzyme disorder - celiac disease. This product, without which the disease is not treated.

Corn on the chemical compound is a unique product. Crushed corn differ sufficient content of vegetable protein. Total protein is 7-8,3 g per 100 g of product. In general, it is not rich in essential amino acids, but 100 g it contains triktofana 0.146%, 0.600% lysine, gistirina 0.240%, 0.258% cysteine, arginine 0.544%. It is valuable. Unique fats are composed of sticks and corn flakes (by maize and vegetable oil products included in the structure.)

Fats They contain up to 80% of unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic, linolenic, arachidonic), which are among the substances that regulate cholesterol levels. They form soluble compounds with it, preventing its deposition on the walls of blood vessels.

Phosphated fatty fraction of corn oil - are biologically active substances that are part of the cell membranes (membranes) of all body tissues and play an important role in the functioning of the brain tissue. Phosphating prevent the formation of cholesterol and contribute to the accumulation of the protein, which is essential for a growing or diseased organism.

The presence in the corn vitamins B1, B2, PP, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron, as well as trace elements copper (0.146 mg /%) and nickel (0.140 mg /%) can recommend products from corn as a standalone product or in combination with other people with blood disorders, allergies, diabetes, obesity, and other forms of metabolic abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. In the production of beer, corn grits are used only for the preparation of certain types of light. It gives the drink a smooth taste.

In a lot of corn grits and a large number of trace elements of silicon, which has a positive effect on the teeth. Corn malopitatelna, removes excess fat from the body. In countries where maize is a staple food in the form of cereals (hominy), significantly less heart disease than in those where it is to eat hardly at all.

Vitamins

витаминыVitamin PP - 1,1 mg
Vitamin E - 2,7 mg
Beta-carotene - 0.2 mg
Vitamin A (RE) - 33 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) - 0.13 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) - 0.07 mg
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic) - 0.35 mg
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) - 0.25 mg
Vitamin B9 (folic) - 19 mcg
Vitamin E (TE) - 0.7 mg
Vitamin H (biotin) - 6.6 mg
Vitamin PP (niacin equivalent) - 2.1 mg

Micronutrients

Iron 2.7 mg
Zinc 0.5 mg
Copper 210 mcg
Manganese 0.4 mg
Chromium 22.7 mcg
Molybdenum 11.6 mcg
Boron 215 mcg
Cobalt 4.5 mcg
Aluminium 29 mcg
Nickel 23.4 mg
Tin 19.6 mcg
Titan 27 mcg